About Sleep Apnea

What is Sleep Apnea?

Obstructive sleep apnea occurs when your breathing is interrupted during sleep, for longer than 10 seconds at least 5 times per hour (on average) throughout your sleep period.

These disturbances in breathing can last anywhere from 10 seconds to several minutes and can occur up to 30 times per hour.

During these periods, called hypopneas or apneas, breathing is either reduced or completely stopped due to an obstruction in the upper airway, such as the tongue, muscles, or other body tissues.

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Obstructive sleep apnea is classified by severity. This severity can range from moderate to severe, and these apnea events can lead to the following:

Loud, chronic snoring

Gasping or choking during sleep

Pauses in breathing during sleep
Excessive daytime sleepiness or fatigue
Restless sleep or insomnia
Morning headaches
Dry mouth or sore throat upon waking up
Difficulty concentrating or remembering things
Mood changes, such as irritability or depression
Reduced libido or sexual dysfunction
High blood pressure
It is important to note that not everyone with sleep apnea experiences all of these symptoms. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it’s time to talk with a sleep specialist to determine if sleep apnea could be the cause.
Sleep Apnea & Health

Complications and risk factors

Sleep apnea is a serious medical issue and can lead to complications.

  • Daytime fatigue.
  • Trouble concentrating.
  • Increased risk of motor vehicle and workplace accidents.
  • High blood pressure or heart problems.
  • Recurrent heart attack, stroke and irregular heartbeats.
  • Type 2 diabetes.
  • Metabolic syndrome.
  • Complications with medicines and surgery.
  • Liver problems.
  • Sleep-deprived partners.